Filter Paper-Derived Three-Dimensional Carbon Fibers Film Supported Fe3O4 as a Superior Bind-er-Free Anode Material for High Per-formance Lithium-Ion Batteries
PENG Xue, CUI Dongming, ZHENG Zhong, MA Qian, YUAN LiangjieCollege of Chemistry and Molecular Sciences, Wuhan University, Wuhan 430072, Hubei, China
Highly uniform and tight adhering of Fe3O4 particles on carbon fiber film (Fe3O4/CFF) is achieved through a simple in-situ thermal oxidation method. Particularly, 3D CFF with inter-connected structure can shorten transfer path and buffer the volume expansion during charge-discharge cycling. Herein, the obtained Fe3O4/CFF anode exhibits a stable cycling performance and excellent high rate capability. The cell delivers a reversible capacity of 1 711 mAh·g–1 at a current density of 100 mA·g–1 after 100 cycles. Even at a high rate density of 2 A·g–1, the specific capacity also can maintain 1 034 mAh·g–1 after 100 cycles. The simplified fabrication is featured with low-cost and this binder-free perspective holds great potential in mass-production of high-performance metal oxide electrochemical devices.
 Bruce P G, Scrosati B, Tarascon J M. Nanomaterials for rechargeable lithium batteries [J]. Angew Chem Int Ed, 2008, 47(16): 2930-2946.
 Tarascon J, Armand M. Issues and challenges facing re-chargeable lithium batteries [J]. Nature, 2001, 414(6861): 359-367.
 Scrosati B, Hassoun J, Sun Y K. Lithium-ion batteries. A look into the future [J]. Energy Environ Sci, 2011, 4(9): 3287-3295.
 Ji L W, Lin Z, Alcoutlabi M, et al. Recent developments in nanostructured anode materials for rechargeable lithium-ion batteries[J]. Energy Environ Science, 2011, 4(8): 2682-2699.
 Wang B, Li X L, Zhang X F, et al. Adaptable silicon carbon nanocables sandwiched between reduced graphene oxide sheets as lithium ion battery anodes [J]. ACS Nano, 2013, 7(2): 1437-1445.
 Dahn J, Zheng T, Liu Y H, et al. Mechanisms for lithium insertion in carbonaceous materials [J]. Science, 1995, 270(5236): 590-593.
 Débart A, Paterson A, Bao J, et al. α-MnO2 nanowires: A catalyst for the O2 electrode in rechargeable lithium bat-teries [J]. Angew Chem Int Ed, 2008, 47(24): 4521-4524.
 Li Z L, Zhao H L, Wang J, et al. 3D heterostructure Fe3O4/Ni/C nanoplate arrays on Ni foam as binder-free an-ode for high performance lithium-ion battery [J]. Electro-chim Acta, 2015, 182(182): 398-405.
 Wang L, Zheng Y L, Wang X H, et al. Nitrogen-doped po-rous carbon/Co3O4 nanocomposites as anode materials for lithium-ion batteries [J]. ACS Appl Mater Inter, 2014, 6(10): 7117-7125.
 Poizot P, Laruelle S, Grugeon S, et al. Nano-sized transi-tion-metal oxides as negative-electrode materials for lithi-um-ion batteries [J]. Nature, 2001, 3(23): 496-499.
 Lei C, Han F, Li D, et al. Dopamine as the coating agent and carbon precursor for the fabrication of N-doped carbon coated Fe3O4 composites as superior lithium ion anodes [J]. Nanoscale, 2013, 5(3): 1168-1175.
 Yoon D, Hwang J, Chang W Y, et al. Uniform one-pot an-choring of Fe3O4 to defective reduced graphene oxide for enhanced lithium storage [J]. Chem Eng J, 2017, 317: 890-900.
 Wan W, Wang C, Zhang W D, et al. Superior performance of nanoscaled Fe3O4 as anode material promoted by mosaick-ing into porous carbon framework [J]. Funct Mater Lett, 2014, 7(2): 1450005.
 Zhang W M, Wu X L, Hu J S, et al. Carbon coated Fe3O4 nanospindles as a superior anode material for lithium-ion batteries [J]. Adv Funct Mater, 2008, 18(24): 3941-3946.
 Sawangphruk M, Srimuk P, Chiochan P, et al. High- performance supercapacitor of manganese oxide/reduced graphene oxide nanocomposite coated on flexible carbon fiber paper [J]. Carbon, 2013, 60(12): 109-116.
 Huang Y, Lin Z X, Zheng M B, et al. Amorphous Fe2O3 nanoshells coated on carbonized bacterial cellulose nano-fibers as a flexible anode for high-performance lithium ion batteries [J]. J Power Sources, 2016, 307: 649-656.
 Cui D M, Chen S S, Han C, et al. Carbothermal reduction synthesis of carbon coated Na2FePO4F for lithium ion bat-teries [J]. J Power Sources, 2016, 301: 87-92.
 Zhang X, Liu H, Petnikota S, et al. Electrospun Fe2O3-carbon composite nanofibers as durable anode materials for lithium ion batteries [J]. J Mater Chem A, 2014, 2(28): 10835- 10841.
 Cui D M, Zheng Z, Peng X, et al. Fluorine-doped SnO2 nanoparticles anchored on reduced graphene oxides as a high-perdormance lithium ion battery anode [J]. J Power Sources, 2017, 362: 20-26.
 Zhang N, Chen C, Yan X H, et al. Bacteria-inspired fabrication of Fe3O4-carbon/graphene foam for lithium-ion battery anodes [J]. Electrochim Acta, 2017, 223: 39-46.
 Yu S, Conte D, Baek S, et al. Structure-properties relation-ship in iron oxide-reduced graphene oxide nanostructures for Li-ion batteries [J]. Adv Funct Mater, 2013, 23(35): 4293-4305.
 Hu X B, Ma M H, Zeng M Q, et al. Supercritical carbon dioxide anchored Fe3O4 nanoparticles graphene foam and lithium battery performance [J]. ACS Appl Mater Inter, 2014, 6(24): 22527-22533.
 Luo J S, Liu J L, Zeng Z Y, et al. Three-dimensional gra-phene foam supported Fe3O4 lithium battery anodes with long cycle life and high rate capability [J]. Nano Lett, 2013, 13(12): 6136-6143.
 Chen D Y, Ji G, Ma Y, et al. Graphene-encapsulated hollow Fe3O4 nanoparticle aggregates as a high-performance anode material for lithium ion batteries [J]. ACS Appl Mater Inter, 2011, 3(8): 3078-3083.
 Luo H L, Ji D H, Yang Z W, et al. An ultralight and highly compressible anode for Li-ion batteries constructed from nitrogen-doped carbon enwrapped Fe3O4 nanoparticles confined in a porous 3D nitrogen-doped graphene network [J]. Chem Eng J, 2017, 326: 151-161.
 Taberna P, Mitra S, Poizot P, et al. High rate capabilities Fe3O4-based Cu nano-architectured electrodes for lithi-um-ion battery applications [J]. Nat Mater, 2006, 5(7): 567- 573.
 Li L S, Meng F, Jin S. High-capacity lithium-ion battery conversion cathodes based on iron fluoride nanowires and insights into the conversion mechanism [J]. Nano Lett, 2012, 12(11): 6030-6037.